Quotations for students on WS3300

Second-Wave Feminism in Europe

‘Second-wave feminism simply indicates a new impetus to this movement which has experienced periods of bloom, strength, and visibility, alternating with periods of more quiet, dogged, struggle to better women; position in a male-dominated society’

D. Dahlerup (1986) The New Women’s Movement (introduction)

‘When fighting for equality and justice and participatory democracy ‘in general’, women become tired of just making tea for the revolution, sleeping with the leaders, and typing their manuscripts’

D. Dahlerup (1986) The New Women’s Movement

‘In France, the New Left pioneered a political discourse which emphasized democracy and entertained the possibility that collective actors beyond the traditional working class could engage in revolutionary action…” New Left politics provided women with the initial space necessary to claim their own democratic rights.’

J. Jenson (1985) ‘The Women’s Movement and the State in W. Europe’, West European Politics, 8/4.

‘In the word ‘liberation’ were encapsulated both the notions of ‘sexual liberation’ in circulation in the 1960s and also the inspiration that Western radicals, and particularly the youth and student movements, drew from the national liberation struggles of developing countries, above all Vietnam.’

E. Wilson (1986) Hidden Agendas p. 96.

‘It is a political trap to allow one women to rise and enjoy the fruits of the struggles of the many.’

Frigga Haug (1989) ‘Lessons from the Women’s Movement in Europe’, Feminist Review No. 31.

‘Ideology for change became institutionalized, both prisoner and ally of the government.’

D. Stetson (1987) Women’s Rights in France – on creation of Ministry of Women’s Rights in 1981.

‘If a woman does submissively carry the cross of being the ‘second sex’ and doesn’t demand sanitary napkins or anesthesia for abortions, if she agrees to suffer humiliation in maternity hospitals and from an alcoholic spouse, then she may have a chance to achieve equal rights in public life.’

T. Mamonova (1989) Russian Women’s Studies

‘Given that state socialist countries possess both the ideological wherewithal and the degree of state penetration necessary to promote the cultural changes which are required if women are to be emancipated, there is every reason to suspect that considerations of preserving male power have prevented the necessary politics from being developed.’

J. Lovenduski (1986) Women and European Politics

‘The two waves of feminism were instrumental in achieving agenda status for the suffrage and emancipation acts of the early part of the twentieth century, followed by the equality and anti-discrimination initiatives of the 1970s and the 1980s.’

J. Lovenduski (1986) Women and European Politics p. 246

‘The ideological impact of feminism has so far been much greater than any changes in women’s material position…Unfortunately the emphasis on ideology and its subjective operation in the individual has too often meshed with the emphasis on individual change that was always a strand within women’s liberation, with the result that personal life-styles, more amenable, at least within the middle class, to change than late monopoly capitalism, appear to be the main target of feminism.’

E Wilson (1986) Hidden Agendas p. 132.

URL: http://per-www.wlv.ac.uk/~le1810/2ndwave.htm

Created by Penny Welch September 2000

WS3300 module guide Women in Europe Links Penny Welch's homepage