'The statistical study of human populations especially with reference to size and density, distribution, and vital statistics'
Merriam-Webster Online dictionar https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/demography (accessed 12 March 2017)
'The study of human population dynamics. It encompasses the study of the size, structure and distribution of populations, and how populations change over time due to births, deaths, migration and ageing. Demographic analysis can relate to whole societies or to groups defined by criteria such as education, nationality, religion and ethnicity'.
free-definition http://www.free-definition.com/Demography.html (accessed 22 November 2004 but not available February 2011)
'The study of human populations - in their structures, distributions, geographic locations, increases and decreases over time, etc. Although demography began with examination of vital statistics, it is now a rich, multi-discipline science embracing such areas of study as fertility, marriage, education, social class, race, ethnicity, distribution of wealth and resources, epidemiology, crime and population migration and has borrowed heavily from biology, ecology, economics, sociology and psychology',
The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology (2009) http://www.credoreference.com/entry/penguinpsyc/demography (accessed 7 February 2011)
Task for students What impact does the demography of a country i.e. the size and composition of the population, the trends in births, deaths, emigration & immigration – have on its economy and society?
|Source: Eurostat 2000||Population size 2000||Projected population 2050|
|Germany||83 million||77 million|
|France||59 million||62 million|
|Spain||39 million||36 million|
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2002) ‘Women at work: who are they and how are they faring?’, http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/36/7/17652667.pdf
Geddes, Andrew (2002) 'Europe's ageing workforce: Elderly populations will require more support', BBC online, 20 June, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2053581.stm
Traynor, Ian and Henley, Jon (2003) 'Europe's ageing population revolts at longer work and lower pensions', The Guardian, 11 June, http://www.guardian.co.uk/money/2003/jun/11/europeanunion.pensions
Graff, James (2004) 'We Need More Babies!', Time Magazine, 21 November http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,901041129-785317,00.html
Rasco, C.J. (2004) Demographic Trends in the European Union: Political and Strategic Implications, MA Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, http://calhoun.nps.edu/bitstream/handle/10945/1526/04Jun_Rasco.pdf?sequence=3
The Economist (2004) ‘Death wish: Russian demography', 2 October.
Rand (2005) Population Implosion? Low Fertility and Policy Responses in the European Union, Rand Corporation http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9126/index1.html
BBC News (2005) ‘Muslims in Europe’, 23 December, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4385768.stm
Gow, David (2005) 'Immigration "can help Europe support its ageing population"· EU commissioner calls for changes to labour market', The Guardian, 25 October,http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2005/oct/25/immigrationasylumandrefugees/print
Rosenthal, E. (2006) 'Europe, East and West, wrestles with falling birthrates. Long decline threatening economy', International Herald Tribune,3 September http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/03/world/europe/03iht-birth.2683302.html?_r=1&
Moore, M. (2006) 'As Europe Grows Grayer, France Devises a Baby Boom', Washington Post, 18 October http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/17/AR2006101701652.html
BBC News (2006) The EU's baby blues, 27 March http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4768644.stm
Behr, M. (2006) 'An American in Berlin: reflections on the German demographic challenge, immigration, and national identity', Popul Res Policy Rev25: 465–477
The Economist (2007) 'Europe's population. Suddenly, the old world looks younger', 14 June, http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=9334869
European Communities (2008) The Life of Women and Men in Europe: a statistical portrait, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/en/web/products-statistical-books/-/KS-80-07-135
Fokkema, T. and Liefbroer, A. (2008) ‘Trends in living arrangements in Europe: Convergence or divergence?’, Demographic Research 19: 1351-1418, (Summary and discussion) http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol19/36/
Murray, Alasdair (2008) Growing old gracefully: How to ease population ageing in Europe, London: Centre for European Reform. http://www.cer.org.uk/publications/archive/essay/2008/growing-old-gracefully-how-ease-population-ageing-europe
Berlin Institute for Population and Development (2008) Europe’s Demographic Future,< a href=" http://www.berlin-institut.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Studien/Europa_e_Kurzfassung_sicher_o_B.pdf"> http://www.berlin-institut.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Studien/Europa_e_Kurzfassung_sicher_o_B.pdf
Schleicher, Y. (2009) Europe’s population trends http://cgge.aag.org/Migration1e/CaseStudy1_Europe_July09/CaseStudy1_Europe_July097.html
Michaels, A. (2009) 'Muslim Europe: the demographic time bomb transforming our continent', The Telegraph, 8 August, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/5994047/Muslim-Europe-the-demographic-time-bomb-transforming-our-continent.html
Mamolo, M. and Sergei Scherbov, S. (2009) Population Projections for Forty-Four European Countries: The Ongoing Population Ageing, http://www.oeaw.ac.at/fileadmin/subsites/Institute/VID/PDF/Publications/EDRP/edrp_2009_02.pdf
Nimwegena, N. and Erfa, R. (2010) ‘Europe at the Crossroads: Demographic Challenges and International Migration’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36(9): 1359-1379.
Eberstadt, N. (2010) ‘The Demographic Future. What Population Growth - and Decline - Means for the Global Economy’, Foreign Affairs, November/December, http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/66805/nicholas-eberstadt/the-demographic-future
Van Nimwegen, N. and Van der Erf, R. (2010) 'Europe at the Crossroads: Demographic Challenges and International Migration', Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36(9):1359-1379.
Fargues, P. (2011) International migration and Europe’s demographic challenge, European University Institute, http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/17839/EUUS%20Immigration%20Systems%202011_09.pdf?sequence=1
Council of Europe (2012) Demographic trends in Europe: turning challenges into opportunities, (Summary) http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/XRef/X2H-Xref-ViewPDF.asp?FileID=12916&Lang=EN
Haub, C. (2012) Fact Sheet: World Population Trends 2012, Population Reference Bureau, http://www.prb.org/Publications/Datasheets/2012/world-population-data-sheet/fact-sheet-world-population.aspx
World Health Organisation (2012) Demographic change, life expectancy and mortality trends in Europe: fact sheet, http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/185214/Demographic-change,-life-expectancy-Fact-Sheet.pdf
The Economist (2013) ‘European demography: Working-age shift’, Economist, 26 January, http://www.economist.com/node/21570752/print
Akkoc, R. (2015) 'How Europe is slowly dying despite an increasing world population', The Telegraph, 16 February, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/11414064/How-Europe-is-slowly-dying-despite-an-increasing-world-population.html
Kassam, A., Scammell, R., Connolly, K., Berlin, Orange, R., Willsher, K. and Ratcliffe, R. (2015) 'Europe needs many more babies to avert a population disaster', The Observer, 23 August http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/23/baby-crisis-europe-brink-depopulation-disaster
European Environment Agency http://www.eea.europa.eu/soer-2015/global/demography
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (2015) Demographic policies of the Russian Federation: successes and challenges, https://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/10%20Critical%20years%20english%20version.pdf
Hockenos, P. (2015) 'Refugees will change Europe for the better: Immigration could help European countries reverse their negative demographic trends and boost their economic growth', Aljazeera, 25 October, http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2015/10/refugees-will-change-europe-for-the-better.html
Connor, P. and Krogstad, J.M. (2016) Immigrant share of population jumps in some European countries, Pew Research Centre,http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/06/15/immigrant-share-of-population-jumps-in-some-european-countries/
Page created by Penny Welch October 2007/updated April 2017