Chronologies for students on WS3300

The chronologies are not complete. Add relevant dates from the sources you read.

Sweden

1845 Men and women got equal inheritance rights.
1853 Admission of women to teaching profession and spread of secondary education for girls and teacher training colleges.
1858 Legal majority for unmarried women.
1862 Women with property qualifications got municipal franchise.
1864 Women got access to trades previously barred by guild regulations.
1865 New constitution set up bicameral parliament but government not accountable.
1870s Growth of trades unions, temperance societies and feminism.
1873 Association for Married Womenís Property Rights set up.
1880s Industrialisation and urbanisation.
1884 Female suffrage bill rejected.
1885 Fredrika Bremer Society set up – mainly economic goals.
1890s Increased demand for wider franchise.
1900 Liberal Union party formed – suffragists associated with it.
1902 General Strike for wider franchise.
1902 Swedish Womenís Suffrage Association set up – series of female suffrage bills defeated 1902-1907.
1905 All male taxpayers got vote.
1907 Liberal Union Party officially supported womenís suffrage – so did Social Democrats
1909 Women could stand for municipal office.
1911 Liberal government – female suffrage bill passed lower house but blocked by upper house.
1911 Womenís Suffrage Association opposed restrictions on womenís working hours – said it would lead to lower wages and so to prostitution.
1914 Conservative government – middle class had deserted liberals.
1918 Economic crisis and food riots.
1919 Constitutional changes to establish government accountability and female suffrage.
1921 Equal division of property on divorce.
1930s Concern at low birth rate – substantial lump sum maternity grants for all mothers and extra money for single and divorced mothers too.
1932 Social Democrats into government.
1937 Family Allowances introduced birth rate still low.
1938 Abortion legal on restricted medical grounds.
1939 Employers could not legally dismiss women for marriage or pregnancy and had to keep jobs open for pregnant women.
1950s Contraceptive advice available for all women - legal abortion more widely available.
1955 6 months maternity leave on full pay - paid for by employers.
1962 Employers and unions negotiated equal pay.
1974 Parental leave of 9 months for either parent.
1975 Abortion on demand in first 18 weeks.
1977 Paid leave to care for sick children.
1978 Special child allowances for single parents.
1979 Equality between men and women legislation.
Mid-80s 77% of all women economically active
80% of married women in employment
Womenís earnings 80% of menís
30% of children under 7 have day-care.

France chron1.htm
Sweden chron2.htm
Germany chron3.htm
Russia chron4.htm
Italy chron5.htm

Created by Penny Welch September 2000/ updated June 2002

URL: http://pers-www.wlv.ac.uk/~le1810/