|1851||Combination Law made it illegal for women to join political organisations.|
|1865||General German Women’s Association formed – stood for married women’s property rights, legal majority for women and women’s education.|
|1870-71||Unification of Germany.|
|1879||Bebel, SPD leader, published Women and Socialism.|
|1884|| Legal majority for women established.|
During 1880s, women associated with SPD formed Central Association of Women and Girls of Germany.
|1890||SPD legalized again.|
|1892||Trades unions associated with SPD recruited women.|
|1894||General German Women’s Association formed Federation of German Women’s Associations.|
|1895||SPD put forward amendment on female suffrage to parliament.|
|1896||New Civil Code - did not improve position of women.|
|1896|| Clara Zetkin initiated SPD women’s organisation and edited journal Die Gleichheit.|
During 1890s women admitted to medical profession.
|1899||Marie Stritt became President of Federation of German Women’s Associations.|
|1901||Federation had 70, 000 members.|
|1902||Universities open to women.|
Federation supported abolition of state control of prostitution and women’s suffrage.
|1902||German Union for Women’s Suffrage founded.|
|1907||Helene Stocker led breakaway group from Federation advocating contraception and legal abortion.|
|1907||Socialist Women’s International met in Stuttgart - opposed to co-operation with bourgeois feminists.|
|1908||Women’s participation in political organisations legalized – led to growth in number of suffrage groups.|
|1908||Marie Stritt ousted as President of Federation along with many ‘equal rights’ feminists.|
|1908||Zetkin replaced by Luise Zietz as leader of SPD women’s organisation.|
|1914||SPD had 175, 000 women members – there were 216, 000 women in trade unions.|
|1914||Suffrage societies had 14, 000 members – but divided into 3 conflicting associations.|
|1914||Pacifist minority left Federation.|
|1919||Women over 20 got vote in new Weimar Republic|
|1919||Programme of Federation said its aim was to unite German women of every party and world view, in order to express their national solidarity and to effect the common idea of the cultural mission of women. |
They rejected equality of sexes, supported marriage bar and refused to attend International Council of Women.
|1927||Abolition of state regulation of prostitution.|
|1931||Estimated that 1 million illegal abortions and 10, 000 deaths a year – campaign to repeal Paragraph 218 of 1871 criminal code.|
|1933||Hitler & Nazi party came to power.
Federation gave qualified approval to Hitler, but constitution did not allow it to join with organisations so dissolved itself rather than obey orders to join mass women’s organisation set up by Nazis.
Created by Penny Welch September 2000/ updated June 2002