|1860s||Mariya Trubnikova, Anna Filosfova and Nadezhda Stasova formed feminist philanthropic group which provided cheap lodgings, meals and employment for working class women.|
|1870s||Feminists involved in providing semi-official higher education courses for women – dependent on government approval.
Spread of secondary education for girls.
Many women attracted to revolutionary movements rather than feminism – 30% of revolutionaries in late 1870s.
|1890s||Industrialisation and expansion of cities.|
|1895||Russian Women’s Mutual Benefit Society formed.|
|1901||Second Revolutionaries formed.|
|1903||Social Democrats formed.|
Liberal Party established.
Universities open to women.
Union of Equal Rights formed – linked with Constitutional Democrats (Kadets) – demanded universal suffrage – petitioned Duma.
|1905||Women’s Progressive Party set up.|
|1906||1st Duma dissolved – limited property suffrage included women for subsequent Dumas.|
|1908||Congress of Russian Women held.|
|1908||Alexandra Kollontal published ‘The Social Bases of the Woman Question’ – socialist feminists did not ally with bourgeois feminists.|
|1917||February Revolution – women got vote, access to civil service, legal profession and all elected bodies.|
Created by Penny Welch September 2000/ updated June 2002