|WR1003 War and Reconstuction in the Balkans|
Week 7 Gender, Nationalism and War
1. IntroductionToday I am going to argue that nationalism and war in Yugoslavia had a significant impact on ideas and practices concerning gender - or in other words, on how men and women were viewed and on how men and women were treated. In general terms, the growth of nationalism involved a much greater emphasis on gender differences – the different characteristics, roles, power and status of men and women.
Enloe in Quote 1 on your handout argues that all types of nationalism have tended to spring 'from masculinized memory, masculinized humiliation and masculinized hope.’
So what is the role of women in nationalism in Yugoslavia?
Yuval-Davis & Anthias in Quote 2 outline 5 main ways in which women are engaged in the development of ethnic and national identities in general
I have got 4 slightly different points to make about the increase emphasis on gender differences in the Balkans in the late 1980s and 1990s and 4 more points about how war impacted differently on men and women.
Gender Roles & Gender Relations in Balkan Nationalism
Impact of war on women and menMilitarization of society gave even greater emphasis to the gender differences above.
1. Introduction / 2. Context / 3. Chronology / 4. Women as Symbols / 5. Women as Reproducers / 6. Women as Keepers of the Home / 7. Limited Autonomy / 8. Women in Armed Groups / 9. Women Civilians / 10. Women's Bodies as Territory / 11. Militarization of Society / 12. Reading
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