WR1003 War and Reconstuction in the Balkans
Week 7 Gender, Nationalism and War

6. Women as keepers of the home & educators of children, men as workers and actors in the public sphere

We have talked already about moves to return women to home and family and away from paid employment - as job opportunities for women diminished, they became increasingly dependent on family ties and, in many cases, on men.

Men retained the role of workers and actors in the public sphere but, in the build up to war, men were also under pressure to be violent and to hate in order to be 'real men'.

'The intrinsic ingredient of such an ethnic-national ideology is violence embodied in militant masculinity.'
Korac, M. (1996) "Understanding Ethnic-National Identity and Its Meaning: Questions from Women's Experience." Women's Studies International Forum 19, 1/2 p. 137.

Korac points out that men lose their inhibitions in these circumstances against killing and raping women and other men from the enemy group.

1. Introduction / 2. Context / 3. Chronology / 4. Women as Symbols / 5. Women as Reproducers / 6. Women as Keepers of the Home / 7. Limited Autonomy / 8. Women in Armed Groups / 9. Women Civilians / 10. Women's Bodies as Territory / 11. Militarization of Society / 12. Reading

URL: http://pers-www.wlv.ac.uk/~le1810/wr1003k.htm
Page created by Penny Welch March 2003

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