WR1003 War and Reconstuction in the Balkans
Week 8 Gender, Nationalism and War

12. Militarization of society

Militarization of society contributed to rise in domestic violence
Violence against women in the home has increased - men now more often use weapons and threaten women with death, according to Korac, M. (1996) 'Understanding Ethnic-National Identity and Its Meaning: Questions from Women's Experience', Women's Studies International Forum, 19, pp. 133-143.

In addition, the norms and values of armies and paramilitary groups celebrated male power and control reinforced and institutionalised existing gendered power differentials in society
Albanese P. (2001) 'Nationalism, War, and Archaization of Gender Relations in the Balkans', Violence Against Women, 7: 9.

'Cultural norms, such as the male-dominated ideology regarding relationships between the sexes, influence acceptance of domestic violence in such a way that there is inappropriate reaction, or even absence of reaction by police and other institutions within the patriarchal social system. In the conditions of war this is intensified by the high rate of violent behaviour in general and widespread tolerance toward violence as a way of conflict resolution.
Vesna Nikolic Cristanovic Domestic Violence against Women in the Conditions of War and Economic Crisis

Also criminalization of everday life.


Tackling domestic violence in Serbia http://www.cafod.org.uk/news_and_events/features/gender_equality_builds_better_future_for_all/domestic_violence_in_serbia
Domestic violence in Serbia http://www.penelopes.org/Anglais/xbreve.php3?id_article=588
Stop Violence Against Women http://www.stopvaw.org/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.html
Zorica Mrsevic and Donna M. Hughes (1997) 'Violence Against Women in Belgrade, Serbia: SOS Hotline 1990-1993', Violence Against Women - An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 3: 2, pp. 101-128. http://www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/sos.htm
Zorica Mrsevic (1997) 'Domestic Abuse and the Women's Movement in Serbia', Journal of the International Institute, 4: 3. http://www.umich.edu/~iinet/journal/vol4no3/mrsevic.html

1. Introduction / 2. Context / 3. Chronology / 4. Women as Symbols / 5. Women as Reproducers / 6. Women as Keepers of the Home / 7. Limited Autonomy / 8. Women in Armed Groups / 9. Women Civilians / 10. Women's Bodies as Territory / 11. Militarization of Society / 12. Reading

URL: http://pers-www.wlv.ac.uk/~le1810/wr1003vv.htm
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